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Coastal and marine biodiversity of Bangladesh (Bay of Bengal)

 

Bangladesh comprises a land area of 144.054 km2, which is bounded by India on the west, north and northeast by Myanmar on the East and Southeast and the Bay of Bengal on the South. The Southern most part of Bangladesh is bordered by about 710 km long coast line of the Bay of Bengal, which has the continental shelf of up to 50 m depth with an area of about 37,000 km2. It is the Exclusive Economic Zone of Bangladesh lies .The coastal fauna of Bangladesh are a total 453 species of birds, 42 species of mammals, 35 reptiles and 8 amphibian species. A total of 301 species of mollusks and over 50 species of commercially important crustaceans and 76 species fish from estuarine have been recorded so far in the coastal zone. Among the endangered species are five mammals, 25 birds, 14 reptiles and two amphibians (frogs). The marine waters of Bangladesh are also having 442 species of fish36 species of marine shrimps. About 336 species of mollusks, covering 151 genera have been identified. In addition, 3 lobsters and 7 species of turtles and tortoises, 168 species of seaweeds, 3 sponges, 16 crabs, 3 lobsters, 10 frogs, 3 crocodiles, 24 snakes, 3 otters, 1 porcupine, 9 dolphins and 3 species of whale found in Bangladesh territorial water. Among the marine and migratory species of animals, 4 fishes, 5 reptiles, 6 birds, and 3 mammals are threatened.

 

Source:International Conference on Environmental Aspects of Bangladesh (ICEAB10), Japan, Sept. 2010

 

1 Comment

  1. Apex says:

    Is there taken any protective action for saving the endangered species in the Coastal zone of Bangladesh.

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