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List of countries by carbon dioxide emissions




  1. Fayjus Salehin says:

    On pure emissions alone, the key points are:
    • China emits more CO2 than the US and Canada put together – up by 171% since the year 2000
    • The US has had declining CO2 for two years running, the last time the US had declining CO2 for 3 years running was in the 1980s
    • The UK is down one place to tenth on the list, 8% on the year. The country is now behind Iran, South Korea, Japan and Germany
    • India is now the world’s third biggest emitter of CO2 – pushing Russia into fourth place
    • The biggest decrease from 2008-2009 is Ukraine – down 28%. The biggest increase is the Cook Islands – up 66.7%
    But that is only one way to look at the data – and it doesn’t take account of how many people live in each country. If you look at per capita emissions, a different picture emerges where:
    • Some of the world’s smallest countries and islands emit the most per person – the highest being Gibraltar with 152 tonnes per person
    • The US is still number one in terms of per capita emissions among the big economies – with 18 tonnes emitted per person
    • China, by contrast, emits under six tonnes per person, India only 1.38
    • For comparison, the whole world emits 4.49 tonnes per person

  2. Fayjus Salehin says:

    Current CO2 emissions–

    The simplest and most widely cited way to compare the emissions of countries is to add up all the fossil fuels burned in each nation and convert that into CO2. According to 2009 data from the US Energy Information Administration, the top 10 emitters by this measure are:

    1. China: 7,711 million tonnes (MT) or 25.4%
    2. US: 5,425 MT or 17.8%
    3. India: 1,602 MT or 5.3%
    4. Russia: 1,572 MT or 5.2%
    5. Japan: 1,098 MT or 3.6%
    6. Germany: 766 MT 2.5%
    7. Canada: 541 MT or 1.8%
    8. South Korea: 528 MT or 1.7%
    9. Iran: 527 MT or 1.7%
    10. UK: 520 MT or 1.7%

    All greenhouse gas emissions–

    The problem with focusing purely on CO2 from burning fossil fuels is that it ignores other greenhouse gases and non-fossil-fuel sources of CO2. When these are included, the figures change considerably, with countries such as Brazil and Indonesia shooting up the list due to emissions caused by deforestation. Recent data isn’t available, but as of 2005, the top 10 emitters as measured in total greenhouse gases looked like this:

    1. China: 7,216 MT or 16.4%
    2. US: 6,931 MT or 15.7%
    3. Brazil: 2,856 MT or 6.5%
    4. Indonesia: 2,046 MT or 4.6%
    5. Russia: 2,028 MT or 4.6%
    6. India: 1,870 MT or 4.2%
    7. Japan: 1,387 MT or 3.1%
    8. Germany: 1,005 MT or 2.3%
    9. Canada: 808 MT or 1.8%
    10. Mexico: 696 MT or 1.6%

    Emissions per capita–

    Comparing nations can be misleading, given their vastly varied sizes and populations. To get a more meaningful picture, it’s essential also to consider emissions on a per-person basis. From this perspective, the list is topped by small countries with energy-intensive industries such as Qatar and Bahrain, and the large developing nations such as India and China look significantly less polluting. Here’s a selection of countries and their per-person CO2 emissions from burning fossil fuels:

    Australia: 19.6 tonnes
    United States: 17.7 tonnes
    Russia: 11.2 tonnes
    Germany: 9.3 tonnes
    UK: 8.4 tonnes
    China: 5.8 tonnes
    World average: 4.5 tonnes
    India: 1.4 tonnes
    Africa average: 1.1 tonnes
    Chad: 0.03 tonnes

    Historical emissions–

    Since carbon dioxide added to the atmosphere can stay there for centuries, historical emissions are just as important – or even more important – than current emissions. The tricky question of historical responsibility is one of the key tensions in the process of negotiating a global climate deal. The following figures from the World Resources Institute show the top 10 nations as measured by their cumulative emissions between 1850 and 2007. The US tops the list by a wide margin.

    1. US: 339,174 MT or 28.8%
    2. China: 105,915 MT or 9.0%
    3. Russia: 94,679 MT or 8.0%
    4. Germany: 81,194.5 MT or 6.9%
    5. UK: 68,763 MT or 5.8%
    6. Japan: 45,629 MT or 3.87%
    7. France: 32,667 MT or 2.77%
    8. India: 28,824 MT or 2.44%
    9. Canada: 25,716 MT or 2.2%
    10. Ukraine: 25,431 MT or 2.2%

    Of course, it’s also possible to look at historical emissions per person, which turns things around yet again. In this view, the UK shoots close to the top of the rankings, while China drops towards the bottom.

    1. Luxembourg: 1,429 tonnes
    2. UK: 1,127 tonnes
    3. US: 1,126 tonnes
    4. Belgium: 1,026 tonnes
    5. Czech Republic: 1,006 tonnes
    6. Germany: 987 tonnes
    7. Estonia: 877 tonnes
    8. Canada: 780 tonnes
    9. Kazakhstan: 682 tonnes
    10. Russia: 666 tonnes

    Consumption emissions–

    Imported and exported goods add another layer of complexity to the equation. Many commentators argue that focusing on where emissions are produced is unfair, because much of the carbon output of countries such as China are generated as a result of producing goods that are ultimately consumed in richer nations. If emissions are measured in terms of consumption rather than production (that is, each country’s exports are excluded from its footprint, and its imports added) the tables turn yet again. The most widely cited international dataset for consumption emissions, from 2001, is rather out of date, but it still provides interesting insights. Here’s the top 10 for consumption emissions per capita, including all greenhouse gases:

    1. US: 29 tonnes
    2. Australia: 21 tonnes
    3. Canada: 20 tonnes
    4. Switzerland: 18 tonnes
    5. Finland: 18 tonnes
    6. Netherlands: 17 tonnes
    7. Belgium: 17 tonnes
    8. Ireland: 16 tonnes
    9. Cyprus: 16 tonnes
    10. UK: 15 tonnes

  3. Nahid Farjana says:

    Awesome!Good collection.

  4. Jahedi Rezaul Maksud says:

    This attachment is very informative.Thanks to Salehin.Co2 ,greenhouse gas is the main culprit for culminating the world’s environment. The richest countries are the main contributors for this gas . Bangladesh along with the least developing countries are the least contributor for this act. So the poor countries of the world have to be united for gaining this deal as a fight for future.

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